EARLY PREPAREDNESS FOR DISASTER IN ALHASSA GOVERNORATE IN SAUDI ARABIA: EARLY WARNING SYSTEM IN HEALTH EMERGENCY

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BADER FAYED ALANAZI
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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (herein referred to as Saudi Arabia) has faced several health emergencies over the years due to natural disasters such as earthquakes, flooding, and other extreme weather conditions. Upon flooding, families are often displaced and forced to suffer serious health effects due to risks such as contamination of water and exposure to extreme weather when buildings are destroyed. The current study will examine Alhassa’s preparedness for health disaster management by focusing on early warning systems. In particular, the study will focus on the interaction between EWS and health emergencies in Alhassa. This study sought to answer the question; what determines the effectiveness of an early warning system? Addressing this question required reviewing the extant literature in the general context and Saudi Arabia's setting. The document analysis revealed that Saud’s government is the predominant player in the country’s health emergency management. Drawing from the four phases of EWS, this study established that Saudi’s national planning fails short of initiating sufficient emergency response actions to avert and prevent the impact of health emergencies. Alhassa can only create effective EWS by adopting a contextualized evidence-based approach in emergency preparedness.
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