Impediments To Adopting Building Information Modeling In Saudi Arabian Infrastructure Projects

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Texas A&M University
The present research investigates the impediments that hinder the infrastructure sector in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) from adopting innovative technological solutions that can enhance communication and collaboration, ultimately minimizing and preventing construction project delays. The focus is particularly on Building Information Modeling (BIM) and its role within KSA infrastructure projects. BIM serves as a pivotal technology in the Industry 4.0 era, facilitating data sharing among stakeholders throughout the lifecycle of built assets. However, the adoption of these technologies in KSA has encountered significant impediments. Thus, the current research aims to investigate the obstacles preventing the adoption of BIM in KSA infrastructure projects and suggests strategic approaches to overcome these hurdles. To accomplish the stated aim, the investigation process employs a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods, including a systematic review and stakeholder surveys. Specifically, the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) protocol was utilized, and 149 AEC (Architecture, Engineering, and Construction) professionals from both the private and public sectors in KSA, who possess awareness of BIM technologies, participated in the survey. The results indicate that key impediments to adopting BIM include a lack of training and education, unclear business value, absence of adoption initiatives, limited demand from clients, resistance to change, a lack of standardization, and cost considerations. However, participants generally concur that the current communication and collaboration practices in the context of KSA infrastructure projects need improvement. To overcome the identified impediments, the research emphasizes the need for a BIM mandating strategy, which includes developing standards, guidelines, and regulations alongside promoting BIM education and training programs. Raising awareness among stakeholders through workshops and incentive programs is also crucial. This strategy should involve the active participation of governmental bodies and industry organizations with clear roles and responsibilities. By addressing the identified challenges and implementing the recommended strategies, infrastructure projects in KSA can benefit from BIM technologies to enhance the successful and efficient delivery of these projects.
Saudi Arabia, Vision 2030, BIM, Infrastructure, Implementation, bim adoption and implementation, Adoption, Construction, Neom, BIM mandating strategy, PRISMA, BIM technologies, BIM standards