The impact of climate change on international security

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Date
2023-12-01
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Birkbeck University
Abstract
Climate change has brought significant changes to the environment, causing a shift in weather patterns. The resultant effect is the displacement of people from their homes due to natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, and droughts. Climate-induced migration is on the rise globally, with millions of people displaced annually. Addressing climate change displacement requires a comprehensive approach that focuses on both mitigating its effects and addressing the root causes. Food security is a critical aspect of human welfare that is highly influenced by various factors, including climate change. Climate change can lead to food insecurity, which affects the livelihoods and well-being of millions of people globally. Food insecurity remains a significant challenge globally and is exacerbated by climate change. The recommended strategies, such as improving agricultural practices and technologies, promoting sustainable land use practices, encouraging crop diversification and livestock farming, and enhancing access to financial services for smallholder farmers, offer practical solutions towards mitigating its effects. The impacts of climate change on water security are numerous. Precipitation pattern changes can alter the timing and amount of surface runoff into streams and reduce available groundwater replenishment periods. Political tensions related to climate change represent a pressing issue that requires urgent and comprehensive action from governments and other stakeholders. Economic disparities due to climate change refer to the uneven distribution of benefits and costs brought about by changing weather patterns.
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Keywords
Climate change, international security, food insecurity, water insecurity, economic.
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