The Role of Resilience Factors In Mediating the Relationship between Sleep and Mental Health in Young People

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Background: Young people are experiencing rapid cognitive and physical growth in the period between childhood and adulthood. Therefore, Sleep is an essential need for a healthy physical, social, emotional and cognitive function. Resilience also is an important factor to good psychological results despite the presence of risk factors. The role of reliance factors in shaping the interaction between sleep and mental health does not outline in the available literature. So, there is a need to address the impact of resilience factors on the relationship between sleep and mental health in young people. Method: This study adopts a cross-sectional approach, using data from an online survey carried out worldwide during summer 2020. The study’s sample comprises 89 adolescents, 74 female and 14 males drawn from the public aged 16-20 years old. The measures: The Beck depression inventory (BDI-11), The Resilience scale for adolescents, The emotional regulation scale, The perceived stress scale, The Pittsburgh Sleep Inventory Questionnaire and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Result: This research proved a major role of resilience factors in mediating between the mental health of young people and their sleep. Analysis proved that sleep quality is a predictor of Beck’s depression score. Mediation analysis showed that this relationship is mediated by the resilience but not by coping, emotional regulation or stress. Conclusion: Resilience as mediator indirectly affects other analysed variables such as the emotion-focused coping and resilience factors where each had a significant relationship with regards to the 0.06 p-value significant at 10% generated in the mediation analysis results.